Although most anabolic steroids can be detected with commercially available urinalysis kits, testing for natural and new compounds can be difficult. Under this legislation, anabolic steroids are defined as any drug or hormonal substance chemically and pharmacologically related to testosterone (other than estrogens, progestins, and corticosteroids) that promotes muscle growth. The Act also gave a four-part definition of this class of drugs, allowing flexibility in the control of new anabolic steroids as they were synthesized. The IOC and professional sports leagues use urinalysis to screen for steroid use both inside and outside the competition.
Data show that anabolic steroid use in women is accompanied by extreme body image dissatisfaction and anorexia-like body dysmorphic syndrome. Anabolic steroids were first classified as Schedule III controlled substances in 1990, and in 2004, a new law expanded the definition of anabolic steroids to include substances that could be converted to testosterone, such as androstenedione 2.Examples of drugs that serve as alternatives to anabolic steroids include clenbuterol, human growth hormone, insulin, insulin-like growth factor, and gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB). Have information about the risks and deleterious effects of anabolic steroid abuse available to patients, especially adolescents and athletes. The full name of this class of drugs is androgenic (which promote male characteristics) anabolic steroids (tissue building) (the class of drugs).
Abusers often alternate periods (6 to 16 weeks in duration) of high-dose steroid use with periods of low-dose use or no medication. Major League Baseball, the National Basketball Association, the National Football League (NFL) and the National Hockey League) have banned the use of steroids by athletes, both because of their potential dangerous side effects and because they give the user an unfair advantage. Some dietary and bodybuilding supplements sold online are mislabeled and may contain anabolic steroids. As noted above, many dietary supplements contain anabolic steroids, although the label does not reflect this.
Changes in the biomechanics of limb movements caused by the use of anabolic steroids can also result in tendon injuries. Common street names (slang) for anabolic steroids include arnolds, gym candy, pumpers, roids, stackers, weight trainers, and juice. An undetermined percentage of steroid users can become addicted to the drug, as evidenced by their continued use of steroids despite physical problems, negative effects on social relationships, or nervousness and irritability.